5 field hockey basics

Field hockey basics are somewhat distinguishable from ice hockey and is played in countries around the world.

It’s a sport that is played by both men and women in various competitive arenas. There are several prestigious tournaments and matches that are played around the world – including the Olympics.

The Best teams

Just like baseball, basketball, ice hockey and soccer, this sport has its fans around the world.

Some of the best teams for both men and women are from Pakistan, India, Australia, Argentina and the Netherlands.

Up until the 1980’s, Pakistan and India were the predominant teams. But due to technology and more technical factors included in the games, European teams have started to dominate the sport.

The International Hockey Federation (FIH)

The International Hockey Federation (FIH) is the governing body worldwide for field hockey rules and regulations. Each country has its own Hockey Federation, which is affiliated to the International Hockey Federation. The various sporting events that are connected with hockey are the:

5 field hockey basics

Olympic Games
Annual Champions Trophy
Quadrennial Hockey World Cups
World Cups for Juniors

All these events are held for both men’s and women’s hockey and result in world rankings.

Hockey surfaces

Field hockey is played between two teams composed of 11 players each, while the rectangular field measures 91.40 m × 55 m (100 × 60 yards).

Since the 1970’s, this sport has often been played on synthetic surfaces. Prior to that, it was played primarily on grass.

Synthetic surfaces, specifically sand based synthetic turfs, speed up the game. Recently the synthetic astro turfs have been water based since the ball can be transferred faster than sand based astro turfs, while newer “field turfs” are making their way into the sport.

Knee injuries for the players on these playing surfaces occur far less often since there is no abrasive surface. The increased pace of the game has made it more thrilling and exciting for the viewers and more the upcoming players.

Composition of the team

Field hockey basics include teams consisting of 11 players with up to 5 substitutes. Under recent rule changes, as laid down by FIH, even field hockey goalkeepers aren’t mandatory.

The team is divided into fullbacks (the defenders, midfielders (halfbacks) and forwards. Each competition can have its set of rules for minimum players.

Those players who take the ball to the opposite pole to score for their team are called the attackers and those who restrict the opponents from scoring are the defenders.

Field hockey basics, quite simply, consists of a team players moving a ball with their sticks in an attempt to put the ball in the other team’s net. This while the second team attempts to pry the ball away from the first ball using their sticks!

If the ball is moved by the player by their foot, but the player gains no advantage and if there is no member of the opponent team near him, then it is not considered a penalty. However, if the player does gain an advantage bu using their foot to move the ball, a penalty may be called.

Various shots in the game

There are various ways in which field hockey players can have a shot at the goal. The first is quite simply hitting the ball straight into the net. Other methods of scoring is the penalty stroke and penalty corner.

Individual field goals are perhaps the most thrilling part of the game, but the best, more popular; method is to move and attack utilizing short passes between multiple players. By doing this, the defense of the opposite team gets beaten more easily.

There are many more field hockey basics that make up the game. But, having a good coach, practicing often, and reading more about the game’s intricacies will help you to better understand, and enjoy, this wonderful game.