Art perspective – What you need to know?

Elvis Elvis

Everything has perspective, it does not matter what it is. So to make an object look right, you have you know the basics of perspective, I remember learning perspective in my studies, not the most exciting lesson; though defiantly a must. I guess I was not that enthusiastic about it, as my lesson was mainly in getting the perspective of a chair right. And it wasn’t easy, getting all technical.

Well…. I’m not going to go all technical on you here…. were staying with nature, where its much more interesting, and not sounding like another math lesson.

As you know with an animal, you need to get the overall body right. The legs need to be the same size etc…. I have either made the neck of an animal too long or the body too short. It happens, yet learning the hard way, makes us come back to the basic rules of perspective.

It does not have to be too detailed, there are techniques in art perspective where you can almost glide through the lesson.

Pictures that have had months of labor expended on them may be more incomplete than a sketch.
Robert Henri

The Basics of Perspective

Ok, lets get the technical part of out of art perspective out of the way…..

Linear perspective is a mathematical system for projecting the three-dimensional world onto a two-dimensional surface, such as paper or canvas. In brief, this type of perspective begins with a horizon line, which defines the farthest distance of the background and a central vanishing point.

Art perspective   What you need to know?

Now, this vanishing point may be drawn from the bottom of the picture plane, which defines the foreground of the space. The orthogonals, vanishing point, and horizon line establish the space in which an artist may arrange figures, objects, or architecture such that they appear to exist in three dimensions.

So, in other words, Your grid is your surface, the Vanishing Point is where all things which are further away from your sight, becomes smaller through your eyes.

Now you know the objects are not shrinking. But when we view the world around us, this is how things are perceived through our eyes. You can see the Horizontal line, now we all know “when the sun rises over the horizon;” that’s your horizon line. Almost like a mark-off-point – where you draw in your land to sky.

Perspective drawings as you see above, you can see where the vanishing point to the Horizon begins and where one horse from another, size is relative to distance, or you could say- further away from you.

This accounts for anything that you put onto a paper or canvas. This is how an artist creates the illusion of depth. And how you work with this, you can come up with some clever pieces of art work.

As long as you get the basics, and your able to roughly sketch in where your perspective needs to be, that should be enough; and if something looks out of perspective. Go back and be a bit more technical.

Just remember the basics, and you wont think anything of it when you think of this subject. And to think….. you don’t need to be a mathematician or close to it!

I will talk to you about the perspective of sculpture in another lesson. And as you are sculpting in a thousand dimensions, the rules are different. Because your not trying to get the illusion of distance, as with the two dimensions on a flat canvas.

Your dealing with the proper dimensions in art perspective with an animal that you can walk around, look at, and know that all sides are in proportion with a real animals form.

Sound a bit scary…. don’t worry I will guide you through it, and how I tackle the subject myself.