Everything You Need To Know About Tires

Pardon my bad English, I’m from France…

Tires can contribute a lot of headaches to the daily driver if not maintained right. Everything is riding down the road on them. Dont you think they need a little attention once in a while? I think so not only for safety aspect but also ride quality and handling and believe it or not help in braking.

One major factor we need to address to our tires in maintaining proper air pressure on the average they should be 32-35 most cars. Heavy trucks 80 psi for heavy hauling etc. Now if your tires get out of these average ranges a few things can happen one if excessive tire wear wont last along as they should. Another is can cause handling problems. Did you ever notice your fighting the steering wheel to go down road and the car wants to veer one way or the other?

It might be a tire pull caused by low tire pressure. Now the average tire can loose 1 psi of air a month if you dont check your tires for a year thats almost half the air in your tire. Which can lead to unwanted excessive tire wear and tire pull problems and yes even poor gas mileage. Ok did I mention when the tire wears out excessively if can also cause vibration like a shaking steering wheel. You ask ok well how can I prevent this? Well first check your air in tires once a month either buying a cheap tire gauge at your local auto part store or go to the tire retailer and ask them to check your air for free yah its a secret.

They will be glad to do so and most of the time tell you what condition your tires are in. Ok moving on tires need to be balanced or balanced check once a while also most likely when you have them rotated which is every other oil change I recommend. Now moving on tire wear the grooves on the outside of the tire which is only purpose to channel water away from tire thats it. In reality bald tires stick to the road the best until it rains or snows then your all over the road.

Everything You Need To Know About Tires

General rule for tire to be worn out get a penny stick in the tire tread and if you can see top of president lincoln’s head then its wore out 2/32 of an inch is wore out. We covered tire pressure and tire wear and tire rotation which I cover tire rotation in basic maintenance chapter. Whats left to cover tire you ask? Ok few more things here then you will have a basic concept of tire anatomy. Dry rot is another issue tires come to bear. When your looking at the tire and its cracked all over the sidewall and tread area I would look to see how old it is. There is a code on the side of the tire last digit of that code is the year.

Dont get confused with the size of tire which is example 205/70/R15 this is tire size. The date will be like after a few letters like this URWE 4S 3106 somthing like that the 6 represents year it was made if they are really old the code might be 9 or 8 made in the 1990s and should be excessively dry rotted by then. My rule thumb is anything older than 5 or 6 yrs old should be replaced. When they dry rot they can come apart at any time not to scare you Ive seen it happen. Ok most tire retailers if they are honest will tell you this. I mentioned tire size didnt I? The tire size example 205/60/R15 205 is the width of the tire how fat it is.

The 60 is how tall tire is measure from the top of the tire to lip of the rim. And R15 is the actual size of tire which will only fit on a 15 inch rim. Making a little more sense I hope so. Tire repair last thing if you have nail in the middle of the tread and the tire is fairly new. Then have it repaired but if it has been repaired many of times needs to be replaced. Oh yah if you plan on using fix flat most tire retailers are now not fixing tires with fix a flat so make sure you spare tire is full of air it can loose air same as regular tires can. Little good advice hear when you buy tires buy the tire road hazard not much more money but it can save you a lot of a headaches later. One more thing get your car aligned once a year sooner if you drive on pot hole heaven.