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How is cotton used in batik?

Cotton is an ideal fabric to use for batik. Once the design has been applied and fixed it can be washed and dried in the normal way. It absorbs dye well and produces bright vibrant colours.

How is cotton used in batik?

This fibre has been naturally grown for over 5000 years and may have even been used in Egypt for a many as 12,000 years. Christopher Columbus brought the cotton back to England in 1492, however our fabrics were made predominantly of wool. Cotton became a threat to the English wool industry so a law was put in place to ban the use of it but this was short lived. Cotton is a staple fibre, this term is used to describe the length of the fibre. The longer the staple the finer the fabric. The finest quality cotton can be found in Egypt, Peru and California and are long staple and hand harvested. We all think of this fabric as being pure white, however, this was just how it was bred. Originally it came in a variety of colours, red, green and brown, and is now being encouraged to grow in its natural state once again.

Cotton is a vegetable fibre and is made of 92% cellulose, it can absorb 27 times its weight in water and is stronger when wet. It is a hardy fabric and can cope with being washed a very high temperatures, but also versatile enough to make a comfortable fabric worn in the hottest climates due to its ability to allow air to circulate throughout the fabric.