How to Build a Fish Pond?

The information you will read below is very important in building a pond or a fish pond. If you ever have any questions about building a pond get in contact with me.

Do not build a pond in gravel or sandy soil because the pond will never hold water. For environmental reasons don’t build a fish pond too close to a brook and don’t take water from the brook to feed your pond. Check with natural resources for building a pond near a brook, tampering with a brook can get you a very big fine. There is a way to take water from a brook without disturbing the vegetation around the brook, contact me for details.

Every pond needs an over flow of some sort whether it is a down spout or a low spot in the pond. The down spout must be large enough to handle large amounts of water should it rain hard.

For safety reasons, every pond should have a flat surface all the way around it. Ponds that have slopes extending completely into the pond are dangerous, if a child tripped they could roll into the water and drown.

Every pond especially fish ponds should be built so surface water can’t run into them when it rains or when the snow melts. Surface water or salty water from the roads could kill fish.

Never allow brush, stumps or other wood materials in the face of the pond, it will cause the pond to leak.

When you install a down spout for an overflow leave it up higher than it needs to be. When the water rises in the pond to a height suitable to you, cut the pipe off at the level of the water. The water is a perfect guide for making the dam level, at one point there may be a foot of earth above the water and another the earth may be 2 feet above the water.

How to Build a Fish Pond?

Ponds look nice when the grass is cut up to the waters edge and all the weeds are cut inside the pond. If you want to keep the manual labor to a minimum, make the inside slope as steep as you can. Grass and other weeds can’t grow in deep water, you will only have vegetation growing at the edge of the pond. I have seen ponds with vegetation growing up through the water out as far as 10 feet.

When the pond is finished and is dry enough to shape the outside, you need to plant grass so the slope doesn’t wash out every time it rains.

If you have a fish pond and use a down spout for an over flow, place a screen over the top of the spout so the fish can’t get away but the water can. The screen must be kept clean at all times or the pond could over flow.

Down spouts should be constructed close to the waters edge for 2 reasons. If the downspout is out in the water you will need a boat to get to it where you could check it safely if it was at the waters edge.

OK, picture a frozen pond! Picture the ice moving in the spring of the year, the ice always melts around the edges of the pond first. The ice moves with the wind and has broken down spouts off and drained ponds. If the down spout is close to the waters edge the ice can move all it wants and won’t hurt the down spout.

Never go cheap with down spouts, they are the life line to the pond and your fish. If they get broke or leak your pond is finished. The best place for the down spout is to be built right in the face with the outlet coming out at ground level or into another fish pond. The earth must be packed around the down spout well so it doesn’t leak. Picture the pipe on the ground and coming straight up just inside the pond. This takes some brain work to get the overflow in the right spot and maintain a perfect shape to the pond.

After all the nightmares I have seen, all the trash people use for over flows, it’s just not worth it. We use nothing but heavy wall sewer pipe that is held together with a rubber gasket and will not leak. The mud clings to the plastic pipe and doesn’t let water leak along side of the pipe. The plastic pipe comes in all sizes and is very easy to handle.