The Caribbean Islands For Vacation Adventures

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Whilst some Caribbean islands are of volcanic origins, others are of coral limestone. From this page, you can appreciate why this regional paradise of infinite beaches and unlimited hotels is gifted for vacations.

The nature of the structure of the marine and physical environments of the Caribbean islands result in a perfect foundation for eco-tourism. From my travels across the region, I’ve found these features to be varied and phenomenal. You will want to explore, to probe and study.

That has been my experience. Besides, I am a Geography major and lecture to high school students in this subject area.

So let’s cruise through the Basin and find out a few things about its structure.

Caribbean Islands — THE ARCHIPELAGO

This group of islands extends in an arc from fairly close to southern Florida to the coast of Venezuela.

It is populated with thousands of tiny islands nestled within a distance of about 3,200 kilometers.

This chain of ‘breakwater’ islands amazingly separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea…

Caribbean Islands — THE FOUR ISLAND CHAINS

1) The Bahamas

2) The Greater Antilles

3) The Lesser Antilles

4) The Netherlands Antilles plus Margarita, Trinidad & Tobago

Some islands are independent… others have remained colonies.

And yet… they ALL cater for tourism.

You can enjoy the many diverse cultures… meet new people… They treat you like royalty.

You interact with the most hospitable ‘strangers’ and you feel so very special.

So… You may be wondering about volcanic islands in the Caribbean?

Oh YES! They do exist. You find them in…

Caribbean Islands — THE LESSER ANTILLES

The Caribbean Islands For Vacation Adventures

The volcanic landscapes of the Lesser Antilles start from Saba in the north to Grenada in the south. These islands include:

1) Saba

2 ) St Kitts & Nevis

3) Montserrat

4) Guadeloupe

5) Dominica

They are a retreat of tranquility and bliss — natural sounds, Caribbean breezes… rhythmic ocean waves. Here nature soothes you… massaging body, mind and spirit.

6) Martinique

7) St Lucia

8) St Vincent & the Grenadines

9) Grenada

These volcanic Caribbean islands are mountainous, with a naturally rugged terrain, rivers and lovely waterfalls…

And you know what that means?

Myriads of blissful island gardens — with beaches and waterfalls — waiting to serve YOU!

And are there fairly flat islands as well?…


Here they are. Just as enchanting as the rest…

1) Antigua

2) Anguilla

3) Barbados

4) Barbuda

5) Eastern Guadeloupe

Except for Antigua, they are of coral formation. Antigua is formed out of volcanic activity, clay sediments in the low-lying areas and eroded limestone in its upland region.

The landscapes here are unspectacular, and unproductive due to shallow soils.

Caribbean Islands — VOLCANIC FEATURES

Dominica has several domes. You encounter high pitons in St Lucia. Dominica, St Lucia and Grenada have rugged terrains of unrelated hills and lots of steep-sided valleys.

The Grand Etang of Grenada is an example of a crater lake. The lake occupies the crater. Solidified lava has plugged the crater.

Grand Etang simply commands your respect… It humbles you! Just like all of the Grenadines.

Or imagine stepping out of your room right into Dominica’s Layou River… for an early morning swim in a natural pool of virgin water.

And what about St Lucia?…

Caribbean Islands — THE PITONS IN ST LUCIA

… are solidified volcanic plugs. They became exposed due to the wearing away of softer rocks around them. You remain just gazing upon these phenomenon.

Local people of the Windward Islands call their small and smelly volcanic features sulphur springs, soufrières or solfataras. Fumarole is the correct name for a single vent. Several fumaroles are called soufrières.

St Lucia has the best examples of soufrières. They have the following typical features:

1) Hot sulfurous gases

2) Stink smells of hydrogen sulphide

3) Steam emissions

4) Yellow deposits of sulphur

5) Black pools of boiling water

6) Blackened rock

In St Lucia gases, heat and steam severely damage vegetation. They even ‘rot’ rocks.

You can find soufrières too in the Valley of Desolation of Dominica. They are also present along the sides of valleys at Galways in Montserrat.

La Soufrière in Guadeloupe remains an active volcano.

And that’s not all… There’s so much…


… with limestone being easily the most wide-spread rock of the region.

It forms in water only.

Limestone becomes ‘land’ by earth movements or changes in sea level. Almost every island country has some limestone — even the volcanic Windward Islands!

Limestone rocks are mostly of calcium carbonate. The islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Bahamas, Antigua and Barbados are all partly limestone.

The Cockpit Country is the rugged upland – extensively limestone – region of west-central Jamaica. It has numerous sinkholes and caves.

Now let’s see how limestone influences coral reefs…


Limestone has only one mineral — calcium carbonate. Coral limestone begins life as a solid rock. Other limestones start as sediment. Minute organisms — coral polyps — extract calcium carbonate from the sea and build a skeleton with it.

The entire region has the right climatic conditions favorable to coral growth.

The sea and ocean waters support a wide range of corals. Reefs can grow into very large structures with unique forms. Linear reefs protect the shorelines from the ravages of off-shore waves.

The coral limestone that covers Barbados for example are of coral reef origins. The north coast of Jamaica and Antigua’s eastern shores are good reef dominant locations.

Reefs litter the islands of the Bahamas.

A coral reef can grow both horizontally and vertically. It forms into a substantial body of limestone rock. The island of Barbados is almost covered over with this limestone rock.


Just awaiting you are all these awesome tropical islands of sun-filled clear blue skies, and at night-time, THE-BEST romantic moonlight…

So… are you any closer to selecting a favorite island destination as yet?

Travel the Caribbean islands.