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Variety Of Lilacs And Tips for Planting Them

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How to Plant Lilacs:

Start with digging a hole that is big enough to accommodate the roots. By not cramming the roots into the hole you’ll leave them room to develop a good root system. You’ll need to include good soil and compost when doing this to produce the very best results.

Where to Plant Lilacs:

Lilacs need plenty of space and do best when out in the open getting direct sunlight. They thrive in sun and also in soil that has good drainage. Lilacs will do well in all types of soils but prefer neutral or slightly alkaline soils. To get better results you can mix in fertilizers that are low in nitrogen and high in phosphate and potash.

Variety Of Lilacs And Tips for Planting Them

Variety Of Lilacs And Tips for Planting Them

Reasons Lilacs and other Flowering Shrubs don’t Bloom

There can be many different reasons why a particular Lilac bush or other flowering shrub is not blooming. Consider these possibilities:

Shade – The location is too shady for good bloom production.

Competition – There may be too many other competing plants affecting root growth and nutrition.

Pruning – If you prune at the wrong time of the year for the type of flowering shrub.

Fertilizer Ratio – The ratios could be off on your fertilizer mix. For example: Too much nitrogen produces excess vegetative growth versus flowers. Also, too little phosphorus may cause a lack of flower blooms.

Shrub Suckers – Too many suckers at the base of your flowering shrub will limit the blooms.

New Plant – It’s a new shrub and simply has not had the chance to settle in and recover from transplant shock.

Water – Your flowering shrub has not received enough water.

How to Start Cuttings for Lilacs & Flowering Shrubs:

Cuttings are a good idea if you love a particular lilac bush or flowering shrub and want to start another in your yard or give it to someone. This is usually easy to do but Rhododendrons, Azaleas, and Camellias are a little harder to start. To get a cutting going do the following:

Planter Preparation for Lilacs & other Flowering Shrubs:

* Get a pot with plenty of drainage holes.

* Clean the pot out very well with soap and hot water.

* Fill the pot with a mix of sphagnum and perlite (equal parts) and moisten the mix.

* Make holes for the cuttings by poking a pencil into your mix.

Cutting Preparation for Lilacs & other Flowering Shrubs:

* Remove a new tip from the end of a branch.

* Remove flower buds and keep 4-6 leaves.

* Make a 5-6 inch cutting from that tip with a sharp knife.

* Make a small fresh cut at the bottom of the stem.

* Moisten the bottom cut on your stem and dip in a rotting hormone.

Planting the Lilac or other Flowering Shrub Cutting:

* Place the cuttings in the pencil holes in your pot.

* Put small stakes around the cutting to keep it stable.

* Cover them with a plastic bag.

* Put under fluorescent lights for 16 hours if possible or under direct sunlight.

* With the plastic bag in place watering will be minimal.

NOTE: Be patient, rooting for lilacs or other flowering shrubs can take 6-8 weeks or longer. Make sure you harden off your lilacs before planting them outside.

Various Types of Lilacs:

There are over 1,000 varieties of lilacs, but with many years of cross-breeding it is hard to tell them apart. Some of the better known lilac types are:

Common Lilac: This is the best known lilac and can grow up to 20 feet in height. The leaves are somewhat heart shaped and very fragrant and are usually the famous lilac color.

Hungarian Lilac: This lilac has dark rose-lilac colored leaves and grows to a height of about 10 feet.

Persian Lilac: This lilac can grow to 10 feet and has very fragrant pale lilac colored flowers. This is a good shrub for hedges.

Chinese / Rouen Lilac: This lilac is a cross between the Persian and Common Lilac. It can grow to more than 10 feet in height and had a fragrant lilac-purple colored flower.

Late / Himalayan Lilac: This lilac is known as “Late” because it blooms later in the season and is a great compliment to earlier blooming lilacs. It grows to about 10 feet and produces clusters of rose-lilac colored flowers.

Large Leaf Lilac: Opposite of Late / Himalayan Lilacs, this lilacs bloom is among the first to bloom in spring. They grow to a height of 12 feet and have large red tinted leaves that turn very red in the fall.

Little Leaf Lilac: This is one of the shorter lilacs at 5 feet in height. It is a late blooming lilac and produces very fragrant and small flowers.

Dwarf Korean Lilac: As the name implies, this lilac grows to only about 4 feet in height. Little does not mean a lack of very fragrant blooms however.

Tree Lilacs: These are called tree lilacs because they grow to heights of 30 feet and resemble a tree. These lilacs produce clusters of off-white blooms. Another Lilac Tree variety (Japanese Tree Lilac) produces clusters of yellow-white flowers.

Many Other Lilacs: This preceding list is only partial but covers some of the more well known types of lilacs. If you are in a part of the country that can grow lilacs, you can try different varieties and have blooms all season long with an array of flower colors.

In addition to lilacs, there are hundreds of other flowering shrubs in all sizes, varieties, and color of flowers. To choose flowering shrubs think about space requirements, height, color of flowers, and the hardiness temperature zones they can thrive in.