What is Moissanite?

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Moissanite is an extremely rare mineral that can be found in meteorites as well as in rock and land samples from the Earth. It is a compound of silicon and carbon and belongs to the carbon group. It was first discovered by a Nobel Prize winning French scientist named Dr. Henri Moissan while he was examining geological samples brought to him from a meteor crater in Arizona. At first, it was thought that the mineral might possibly be diamond, but was soon discovered to be a completely new mineral find called silicon carbide. It was later named in honor of the man who discovered it.

Moissanite vs Diamond

Moissanite is similar to diamond in its structure, making it excellent for use in microelectronics. It is almost as hard as diamond as well; ranking a tough 9.25 on the Moh’s scale of hardness. It has more than twice the fire than that of a diamond and has nearly 10% more brilliance.

Contrary to popular belief, it is not created diamond. It has a different chemical makeup than that of diamond and stands on its own. It does, however, make an excellent diamond alternative at a much more affordable price. It also makes a good diamond simulant as it is hard for a person to tell the difference between it and an extremely high-quality diamond.

How Rare is It?

The natural mineral is so rare that the hope of using it in jewelry was soon dashed. Even though it can be found in several places on Earth, such as upper mantle rocks, meteorites and even occasionally as natural inclusions in diamonds, the supply of natural material isn’t even enough to fashion a pair of earrings.

What is Moissanite?

Lab-Created Stones

Lab-created moissanite , like its natural counterpart, is silicon carbide formed as a single crystal. The difference is that it has been created under laboratory conditions.

Cree, a research and development lab, has developed a process for producing large, single crystals of the stone. In 1995 a company named Charles & Colvard, Ltd. partnered with Cree to develop large stones for the company’s use in jewelry. In conjunction with Cree, Charles & Colvard is the exclusive worldwide manufacturer and marketers of lab-created moissanit

Is it Available in Different Colors?

Although colorless is the most common, some stones are also available in a few green and yellow tints.

Care and Cleaning

Although it is very hard and durable, it is not indestructible. As with all jewelry, you should avoid wearing it while using harsh chemicals or doing rough work.

You may clean your stones with any non-acid based jewelry cleaner. You may also use ultrasonic jewelry cleaners with your stones.