What you need to know about pond landscaping?

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Pond Landscaping or aquascaping is a major consideration when building your pond. In fact, while in the design phase of building your backyard pond it is important to discover the types of plants that will enhance your pond’s beauty.

In addition, learning which plants can be employed in the pond landscaping to help maintain the delicate ecosystem is certain to guarantee less work and more pleasure for you.

It makes sense to know which plants thrive well on the land, which one’s do well in shallow water, say 1″- 12″ in depth, and which plants float or send their roots much deeper. Knowing this will assist you in designing your pond’s contours. Varying widths and depths of the shelves, will lend to a natural look.

As in all types of gardening there will be plant varieties to be discovered which are very aggressive growers and need to be kept in pots so they don’t take over the pond.

In discovering what types of plants work well in the pond landscaping you’ll begin to develop an idea of what varieties look appealing to you and work well together.

Take for example the water lily, or jewel of the water garden, a perennial plant which can create shade for fish and help keep algae levels down.

These beauties will add lovely color as they bloom in white, pink, red, yellow and, as in the case of some tropical varieties, lilac. Some smaller varieties of lilies are known to thrive well in container gardens as well.

As mentioned previously, having plants leaf out on the surface of the water creates shade for fish and keep algae levels down. The rule of thumb for water surface coverage is about 60%. Complete surface coverage would not allow for proper oxygenation.

What you need to know about pond landscaping?

-Useful Plants-

Shallow water plants are called marginals, or bog plants. They like having water or mud at their roots while keeping their tops dry. These help transition the pond landscape from shore all the way to deeper sections of the pond where floating plants exist.

There are many varieties to choose from and with the right assortment of height, seasonal bloom variation and water depth planting these plants can keep your pond interesting all year long. They also provide a transitional space and even a foot hold so that small beneficial pond creatures like frogs and turtles can get in and out of the water safely.

Deep water plants send their roots all the way to bottom and anchor themselves there. The most well known deep water plants are the water lilies, also called lotus. Some varieties bloom at night, most bloom during the day.

Floating plants have hair-like roots and need no soil. They move around the pond propelled by the wind, absorbing nutrients from the water and giving back oxygen. Many of these floating plants are considered weeds, grow very quickly and can take up much surface area of the pond. Some common names of floating plants are water hyacinth, frogbit, duck weed, water chestnut, water soldier and bladderwort.

-Another Ally-

Snails remove impurities and decomposing matter. However, many varieties are prolific breeders and will overpopulate your pond. In your pond you may want to consider Black Japanese Snails, they are said to be the best for water gardens, eating lots and producing little.

-Pond Problem-

Water clarity is essential in having an aesthetically desirable pond. Algae can detract from your pond landscaping and are non flowering plants. Originally, algal the latin work for seaweed. They contain chlorophyll but have no roots, stems, leaves or vascular tissue.

They require sunshine and nutrients, if they have no nutrients they cannot survive. Plants which eat the nutrients that algae require to thrive are an integral part of the pond. In addition to the surface plants, submerged plants, which require no surface area, can perform the function of depleting the water of algae food as well.

Whether you build a pond or improve an existing one, development of the pond landscaping is one of the fun aspects of having a pond. In addition to the bio-filter, UV lights, fountains, and other equipment that assist you in keeping your pond’s ecosystem balanced, plants can really pull their own weight when it comes to keeping that balance in check.